Two senior officers are currently on trial in Russia for attempting to organise coups, but few believe a military-led uprising could succeed in the country in the foreseeable future.
“There are no grounds for any such nonsense as a military coup in Russia,” said Igor Korotchenko, military expert and editor of National Defense monthly magazine.
Tough-talking President Vladimir Putin, under whom tens of thousands of servicemen were handed apartments and enjoyed substantial salary raises, enjoys a certain popularity among the military, something no potential military coup plotter can hope to equal, he said.
A retired special forces colonel and a popular nationalist figure, Vladimir Kvachkov, 64, is on trial in the Moscow City Court over charges of organising a group of military servicemen, arming them with crossbows and training them to seize a tank division in the town of Kovrov, 270 km west of Moscow, in order to overthrow the government.
Two years ago, Kvachkov was acquitted of organising an attempted assassination of Anatoly Chubais, an architect of the country’s market reforms which impoverished millions of Russians in the turbulent 1990s.
The day after a higher court upheld the acquittal, a Moscow court sanctioned his arrest on mutiny and terrorism charges, which carry a prison sentence of up to 20 years. Kvachkov denies any wrongdoing.
In a separate case, Afghan War veteran and retired colonel Leonid Khabarov, 65, was arrested last year in the Urals city of Yekaterinburg after the Federal Security Service (FSB) accused him of plotting an armed mutiny.
According to the charges, Khabarov and his alleged accomplices planned to break into the local offices of the FSB, the Interior Ministry and Emergencies Ministry, kill the top officials there, and blow up several electricity stations, causing a city-wide blackout, in order to provoke rebellion in the army. Khabarov is also suspected of heading the local cell of Kvachkov’s front.
Khabarov denies the charges and is currently on trial in a Yekaterinburg court. If found guilty he faces over 20 years in prison.
Even if the allegations against the two retired military commanders are found to be grounded, a crossbow mutiny seems more than unlikely to succeed. The same can be said of a rebellion triggered by a blackout. But these cases raise the question: Is a military coup even possible in Russia?
History of Failed Coups:
Russia’s military has a rebellious past, the Decembrists’ failed coup of 1825 being just one of the best known episodes.
Less than a century ago, a significant proportion of those in Russia’s army were swayed by the vision of Communism aggressively promoted by the Bolsheviks in the trenches of the First World War, and supported the 1917 revolution that overthrew the Tsarist regime.
In the following decades, Stalin purged the top brass of its most popular leaders, some historians have suggested, because he feared a military coup.
But thousands of Russian soldiers switched sides during WWII, opting to fight alongside the Nazis against the Red Army. In 1991, Communist hardliners seeking to oust reformist Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev called on the military for support. This support, however, did not materialise.
Two years later, the Russian military helped President Boris Yeltsin quash the attempted rebellion by an opposition parliament. Success came at a price: dozens of dead on Moscow’s streets.
Through most of the 1990s and early 2000s, quite a few political underdogs, particularly those in the nationalist and Communist camps, have raised the spectre of a budding coup launched by disgruntled servicemen, unhappy with the living conditions they ended up with even after serving their country in two Chechen wars.
But not a single military unit has ever been reported to have rebelled or disobeyed their commanders’ orders.
As Putin started pouring money into the Russian Armed Forces, these talks all but disappeared from the public discourse.
“The majority (of the officers) support Putin,” said Korotchenko, who is also head of the defence ministry’s public council. “Putin is a great authority for them.”
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